Mummy of a man


These Egyptian mummies are probably the first to be seen in Europe. In the 17th century, a traveller brought them to Rome, and later Augustus the Strong had the mummies purchased. The mummies are also special because they show portraits of the deceased, painted directly onto the linen wrapping. The precious gold jewellery illustrates their high status. The man, aged 25 to 30, and the woman, between 30 and 40, lived in the 3rd or 4th century in the metropolis of Memphis, then part of the Roman Empire. Both are painted like Romans, but they were still followers of the ancient Egyptian faith. This is evidenced, for example, by the traditional vulture goddess Nechbet, who protects the man's chest.

Material & Technique
Linen, stucco, painted and gilt, mummified body
Late 3rd to mid- 4th cent. CE
Inventory number
Aeg 777